“When the human spirit carves the buildings…” – Part Β
What is the link between an Orthodox Catholic church in Moscow, a mosque in Isfahan and the mausoleum of a Mongolian emperor in Agra, India? Their architectural origins, of course!
Representing the architectural creation in western and northern Asia, we examined the Persian and Indian architecture respectively, and we saw representative examples from each historical period and religious or social influence.
Following our first meeting in which we referred, amongst others, to the Mesopotamian architecture, we took a look at the architecture that was developed successively in the broad area of the Persian Empire of the time. First, it was developed by the Achaemenides, with influences from Hittites and classical Greece; then, by the Parthians and the Sassanids, with influences from the Hellenistic and Roman art; and, finally, it reached its epitome with the Islamic Persian architecture.
It was from this architecture that the Orthodox Russian churches inherited their magnificent colorful onion domes, which seem like taken out of a fairy tale. At the same time, the Islamic Persian architecture influenced significantly the morphology of the structures at the Deccan Sultanates in India and, also, the Indian Mongolian architecture that reached its peak with Taj Mahal.
But the beginnings of the long and diverse history of India’s architecture can be traced back almost five millenniums ago in the cities in the fertile valley of the Hindu River with their advanced city-building and the houses with lavatories. The Buddhist and Hindu architecture was born there and the compound architectural mosaic is complemented by the temples and buildings influenced by the existing at the time Hindu religious traditions, such as Jainism and Sikhism.
Indeed, structures carry answers to a lot of questions regarding the history of mankind and the hidden unity of the world.